Representation, Abstraction, Definition and Kinetic Surplus.
Within these lectures we continue to Explore the influence of Kantian thought in art and design practices. Kant frames a problem of representation/structure and innovation/transgression which serves to frame practices of research along with practices of art and design.
Who is Immanuel Kant?
Immanuel Kant ( 22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was a German philosopher. Considered to be a central figure of modern philosophy, he argued that human concepts and categories structure our view of the world and its laws. Also he said that reason is the source of morality. His ways of seeing continues to hold a major influence in contemporary thought today, especially in fields such as metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, political philosophy, and aesthetics.
One of Kant’s most noted pieces of work was his ‘Critique of pure reason’. Where in which he aimed to bring reason together with experience and to move beyond what he took to be failures of traditional philosophy and metaphysics. In which he said “it always remains a scandal of philosophy and universal human reason that the existence of things outside us should have to be assumed merely on faith, and that if it occurs to anyone to doubt it, we should be unable to answer him with a satisfactory proof.” Another well known piece of work of his is known as ‘The Critique of judgement’. This looks at aesthetics and teleology. Here he aimed to resolve disputes between empirical and rationalist approaches. One of the main Kantian way of thinking is how knowledge comes through experience. Kant’s philosophies endure structure, emerging concepts, experience and processes.
An artist who follows the Kantian way of seeing is Picasso as he produced art through experience. Picasso demonstrated extraordinary artistic talent painting in a realistic manner through his childhood and adolescence.
‘The lovers’- 1923.